Only 6 people now reside in the village of Pilkinsbury in what was once a thriving community – home to a Primary School, Post Office and bustling community centre.
“It all began with them ornamental gardens.”
I’m sat down in the centre of what used to be the village square on a rather tired bench that feels like it might break at any moment. There’s a tree behind us, but its bark is barely visible thanks to a thick covering of heart-shaped leaves. Next to me is Gerald Thompson, he’s been living in the village since he was a boy and has seen the transformation from vibrant English community to ghost town. I met up with Gerald to find out what it’s like living in an abandoned village and how an invading plant species stole the life from a once prosperous village.
Just a touch too young to join up during World War II, Gerald has lived a rich and varied life – despite the fact that he lives alone in an abandoned village, his outlook is surprisingly cheery:
“I’ve never wanted for company in the last few years, even when the last of my old friends moved away. I’ve pretty much spent my whole life in this place, to leave now would feel like giving up.”
As he talks to me, Gerald winds a leaf through his hands. The shield-shaped leaf is a good 10cm or so long, it’s ribbed contours matching Gerald’s gnarled fingers. The village square is covered in these leaves. They sprout from bamboo-like plants that rise to just over 3m, towering over both myself and Gerald alike. The buildings surrounding the square are just about visible, however it’s clear that this plant has also clung to them too.
“They wanted it for the ornamental gardens first. The Victorians – this was before my time of course – thought it looked pretty and they figured it was a nice, fast growing plant. Everyone likes quick results, I guess. Anyway, it was pretty much contained to a handful of gardens – but within a few years it had started to spread out to other people’s gardens. Before we knew it, the leaves had made it to the top of the church steeple.”
For decades, the inhabitants of Pilkinsbury, good people who felt like they were closely attuned to their natural surroundings, had allowed this plant to grow across their village, unaware of the structural impact it would have on their homes and the financial toll that it would take on their futures.
“My house has been in the family for generations, I couldn’t bear the thought of leaving, letting go of it for pennies, just because a natty plant had found it’s way into the foundations.”
As we walk around the deserted village Gerald points out the buildings telling me who used to live in each home and when they left.
By the time the villagers had discovered the destructive nature of the plant that their forefathers had welcomed into their homes, it was simply too late. Attempts to hack the plant back with strimmers and machetes had only worsened their predicament. The plant this village were dealing with was Japanese knotweed, one of the most invasive, industrious plants in the world. By the time they’d called professionals to assess the situation the problem had gotten well out of control.
“For a time the older ones, like myself, tried to convince the younger ones that it wasn’t a problem. Our houses might well have dropped significantly in value, but if our families continued to live in them and the village continued to thrive, then was there really a problem?”
Unfortunately there was.
Knotweed takes thousands of pounds off house values because of the structural damage it causes to the buildings that it grows near. Its roots are made up of rhizomes, continuously growing systems that have the ability to grow complete new plants from the smallest of fragments – making each shard hurriedly hacked down simply another problem to deal with in the future.
“By the time we’d faced up to the enormity of the problem, the cost of Japanese knotweed removal had risen too high. The younger ones felt that it would be better to start somewhere new than burden their children with a property that would be worth next to nothing by the time they’d grown up.”
So the people began to leave, in dribs and drabs and then in reams. Over the course of a year, the village emptied – leaving Gerald and a handful of retirees as the last bastions of a once thriving village.